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Terminology

Terminology

A

Accident Frequency Rate This is a measure of accident frequency. It expresses the number of deaths and injuries due to work-related accidents causing a work stoppage of one day or more per million hours of labor.
[Frequency rate] = [Number of deaths and injuries due to occupational accidents] / [Total number of labor hours] × 1,000,000

B

Biodiversity The variety of living things on the planet and a balanced state in the ecosystems that support such life.

C

Capacitor An electronic component that stores electricity, and releases it as needed.
Compliance We generally use the term "compliance" to refer to legal compliance. In particular, we use the term to refer to fair and equitable corporation actions that do not violate social mores.
Compressor A machine that compresses air.
CSR
(Corporate Social Responsibility)
Although there is no definition for CSR that is commonly accepted worldwide, it generally refers to a company fulfilling its responsibility in a wide range of areas including the economy, environment, and society. It is held to be a commitment by a company to ensure sustainable growth for itself.

F

Ferrite Ferrite is a magnetic metal oxide. There are two types of ferrite: soft ferrite, which becomes magnetized via a minute magnetic field, and hard ferrite, which forms a permanent magnet when a strong magnetic field is applied. Soft ferrite is used in such components as transformer and inductor cores, while hard ferrite is used in speakers, motors, and the like.
5S The "5S"s stand for the Japanese terms seiri (tidiness), seiton (orderliness), seiso (cleanliness), seiketsu (standardization), and shitsuke (discipline). 5S is a standard for occupational health and safety.

G

Greenhouse Gas A gas present in the atmosphere that keeps the earth warm by trapping heat from the sun. Greenhouse gasses include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). In recent years, the concentration of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere has risen, causing global warming.
Green Procurement Voluntary selection and procurement by a company of parts and materials with low environmental impact.

H

Hazard An environmental condition or source of danger that could cause accidents

I

Inductor These passive electrical components, also known as coils, generally come in two types, depending on the application: power supply circuit or signal circuit. Power supply circuits use them to suppress noise; signal circuits use them for filtering.
ISO 14001 An international standard for environmental management systems issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It defines the requirements for a system to continually improve the environmental impact of corporate activities.
ISO 9001 An international standard for quality-management systems issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It defines the requirements for a system to provide products and services with stable quality, and continually improve customer satisfaction.

K

KYT

Kiken Yochi Training (hazard prediction training)
Training designed to enable workers to predict and eliminate potential hazards in work processes and the workplace.

M

Management System The management system is a mechanism to manage and continually improve the organization's policies, methods and processes.
Material Balance A figure representing the balance of material inputs (raw materials and energy) and outputs (products, waste, and emissions).
Module In the electronics field, a module is a component harnessing specific circuit functionality. It consists of a substrate mounted with capacitors, coils, resistors, and other passive elements, and semiconductors, ICs, and other active elements.

O

OHSAS 18001 OHSAS is an abbreviation for Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series. OHSAS 18001 is a standard for occupational health & safety management systems jointly developed in 1999 by a number of certifying bodies, with the British Standards Institution (BSI) serving as secretariat.

P

PDCA Cycle An activity to continually maintain and improve quality and the environment, while performing a cycle of Plan, Do, Check, and Action (revision). It is also called the Deming Cycle, because it was systematized by Dr. W. Edwards Deming, the father of quality control.
Product Assessment An assessment of product quality, functionality, environmental aspects, and safety at the design and development stage
PRTR Law (Japanese) Law for PRTR (Pollutant Release and Transfer Register) and Promotion of Chemical Management. The law requires entities to report the levels of toxic chemicals released into the environment and in waste that is transferred to the government, and stipulates a Pollutant Release and Transfer Register to be kept and published by the government.

R

Recycling To recycle resources by recycling or reusing instead of sending waste that has been generated to final disposal through outside contractors.
Risk Management This is the management method to reduce or avoid hazards and losses by systematically managing the risk of loss.
RoHS The RoHS (Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment) Directive was created by the EU. It prohibits the use of mercury, cadmium, lead, heptavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) in products sold starting in July 2006. It went into effect in February 2003.

S

SCOPE 1 Direct emissions of greenhouse gases by operators themselves.
SCOPE 2 Indirect emissions from use of electricity and heat/steam supplied by others parties.
SCOPE 3 Indirect emissions other than those in SCOPE 2.
(Emissions from other parties connected with the activities of the operator.)
Severity Rate This is a measure of the number of days of lost work (days of work missed due to accidents) per 1,000 hours of work. It expresses accident severity, and is calculated by the following formula.
[Severity Rate] = [Total number of days that employees cannot work] / [Total number of labor hours] ×1,000
Stakeholder A person with an interest, or "stake," in the company. It includes employees, consumers, suppliers, shareholders, and the local community.

T

Total Health Promotion Plan (THP) This is a plan for improving the physical and mental well being of the people working at a company through a policy of maintaining and improving worker health at the workplace, in accordance with the (Japanese) Occupational Health and Safety Law.
TS 16949 This standard adds requirements peculiar to the automobile industry to ISO 9001, the basic international standard for quality management systems.

V

VOC An abbreviation for volatile organic compound, which collectively means organic chemical compounds that can easily vaporize and enter the atmosphere at normal temperatures and normal pressures.

Z

Zero Emissions This refers to eliminating waste that is incinerated or landfilled by thoroughly sorting and recycling waste.