Capacitance of ceramic capacitors is measured using measurement instruments such as a LCR meter (measurement principle is see below.) and an impedance analyzer.
In our company, the nominal capacitance of ceramic capacitors is measured under following conditions.
(Measurement conditions are also described on the reliability data page in the catalog. Catalogs are here.)
|Class 1||Class 2|
|Standard||High Frequency Type||C ≤ 10uF||C > 10uF|
|Preconditioning||None||Thermal treatment (at 150℃ for 1hr) (*2)|
|Measuring voltage (*1)||0.5 to 5Vrms||1±0.2Vrms||0.5±0.1Vrms|
Note that capacitance changes by frequency, temperature, voltage and so on.
Please refer to individual specifications about measurement instruments and conditions of
Please refer to this page about measurement instruments and conditions used to get characteristics on data sheet.
The measurement method called "auto balancing bridge method" shown as the figure below is adopted to LCR meters by a lot of manufacturers of measurement instruments. In this method, the current at a measured object(=DUT) and a known resistance R is automatically adjusted to be same, that is the voltage at point A becomes 0. Then, LCR meter calculates complex impedance from the voltage applied to a DUT and a known resistance R. Capacitance of ceramic capaictors is derived from the reactance component of this complex impedance.
Please refer to the manufacturers' web site in details.